This page was created on Sat Oct 09 2010 and last changed on Thu Mar 28 2019.

This lists similar commands between Windows and Unix command lines.

To get help on a Windows command, use the /? option, for example date /?.

Windows command    Unix command    Notes
arp    arp   
assign    ln    Create a file link
assign    ln -s    On Unix, a directory may not have multiple links, so instead a symbolic link must be created with ln -s.
assoc    file   
at    at
cron    See also schtasks.
attrib    chown
chmod    Sets ownership on files and directories
cd    cd    On Windows, cd alone prints the current directory, but on Unix cd alone returns the user to his home directory.
cd    pwd    On Windows, cd alone prints the current directory.
chkdsk    fsck    Checks filesystem and repairs filesystem corruption on hard drives.
cls    clear    Clear the terminal screen
copy    cp   
time    date    Date on Unix prints the current date and time. Date and time on Windows print the date and time respectively, and prompt for a new date or time.
del    rm   
deltree    rm -r    Recursively deletes entire directory tree
dir    ls    «dir» also works on some versions of Unix.
doskey /h
F7 key    history    The Unix history is part of the Bash shell.
edit    vi
etc.    edit brings up a simple text editor in Windows. On Unix, the environment variable EDITOR should be set to the user’s preferred editor.
exit    exit
Control-D    On Unix, pressing the control key and D simultaneously logs the user out of the shell.
explorer    nautilus
etc.    The command explorer brings up the file browser on Windows.
fc    diff   
find    grep   
ftp    ftp   
help    man    «help» by itself prints all the commands
hostname    hostname   
ipconfig /all    ifconfig -a    The /all option lets you get the MAC address of the Windows PC
mem    top    Shows system status
mkdir    mkdir   
more    more
move    mv   
net session    w
net statistics    uptime   
nslookup    nslookup   
ping    ping   
print    lpr    Send a file to a printer.
shutdown -r    shutdown -r   
regedit    edit /etc/*    The Unix equivalent of the Windows registry are the files under /etc and /usr/local/etc. These are edited with a text editor rather than with a special-purpose editing program.
rmdir    rmdir   
rmdir /s    rm -r    Windows has a y/n prompt. To get the prompt with Unix, use rm -i. The i means «interactive».
schtasks    at
set    env   
Set on Windows prints a list of all environment variables. For individual environment variables, set <variable> is the same as echo $<variable> on Unix.

set Path    echo $PATH    Print the value of the environment variable using set in Windows.
shutdown    shutdown    Without an option, the Windows version produces a help message
shutdown -s    shutdown -h    Also need -f option to Windows if logged in remotely
sort    sort   
start    &    On Unix, to start a job in the background, use command &. On Windows, the equivalent is start command. See How to run a Windows command as a background job like Unix ?.
systeminfo    uname -a   
tasklist    ps    «tasklist» is not available on some versions of Windows. See also this article on getting a list of processes in Windows using Perl
title    ?    In Unix, changing the title of the terminal window is possible but complicated. Search for «change title xterm».
tracert    traceroute   
tree    find
ls -R    On Windows, use tree | find «string»
type    cat   
ver    uname -a   
xcopy    cp -R    Recursively copy a directory tree

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